DO MICKEY MOUSE AOS CIGARROS VILA RICA

Gerson-Vila-Rica

Nunca vi povo indignar-se tanto com corrupção na política quanto o brasileiro. Como se políticos viessem de outra galáxia e aqui desembarcassem a cada quatro anos. Governos emanam de sua gente e com ela compartilham seus costumes, trejeitos, linguajares, tradições, crenças e—não em menor escala—sua ética.

Em pensar sobre corrupção, vez por outra remeto-me ao velho comercial dos cigarros “Vila Rica”, em que atuava o talentoso futebolista Gérson. Aquele do “gosto de levar vantagem em tudo, certo?” Foi dele que surgiu o jargão “Lei de Gérson”.

Basta dar um passeio por qualquer cidade brasileira que se nota o poder dessa lei. Observem-se automóveis estacionados em lugar proibido, ocupando ilegalmente vagas destinadas a idosos e deficientes. Notem-se os camelôs furtando energia dos postes de luz. Lembre-se, também, da infinidade de atestados médicos ideologicamente falsos e de inúmeros outros atos de “pequena-corrupção” que se tornaram tão corriqueiros que até parecem imperceptíveis.

A lei de Gérson é o ethos da brasilidade. Esta terra tem muito malandro para pouco mané! A gente ama se dar bem e peremptoriamente recusa a alcunha de trouxa. Corrupção aqui tem solo fértil. Portanto o leitor não estranhe se algum dia bater-lhe à porta alguém oferecendo um “chupa-cabra” com a maior desfaçatez do mundo. “Chupa-cabra” é um aparelho que rouba sinal de TV a cabo. Já me ofereceram. E mais de uma vez.

Certa feita, por exemplo, tendo minha habilitação vencida, fui parado em uma “blitz” no centro da cidade:

_Bom dia, saudou-me o policial.

_Bom dia!

_Habilitação e documento do veículo, por favor.

Entreguei os documentos antevendo a multa. Ele os examinou, olhou-me com certo ar de autoridade e proferiu:

_Sua CNH está vencida.

_Eu sei. Não tive tempo de renovar.

_Vou ter que multá-lo.

_Fazer o quê? Lamentei.

_A multa é cara. Mais de cem reais.

_Paciência! Estou errado!

_Vou ter que recolher o veículo também.

_O veículo o senhor não pode recolher. A documentação dele está em dia.

_O senhor está alterado! Gritou.

_Alterado? Eu?

_Vou ter que passar uma revista no seu carro também.

_Tudo bem. Não tenho nada a esconder.

_Você está nervoso?

_Não, senhor. Respondi meio desconfiado.

_Prefere que eu reviste o veículo? Vou retirar os tapetes, os bancos, vou abrir o porta-malas e o capô. Se eu encontrar alguma coisa o senhor terá que me acompanhar até a delegacia.

_À vontade. Posso garantir que não encontrará nada ilegal.

Percebendo que daquele mato não sairia coelho, surpreendentemente ele falou:

_Porra, doutor, deixa pelo menos uns vinte reais aí pro guaraná! Aí eu libero o senhor!

Assim!

Assumi a ética brasiliana. Dei os vinte reais e caí fora. Pasmado, diga-se de passagem. Foi quando me lembrei de uma cena do filme norte-americano “Fargo”, em que o vilão—tendo sequestrado a própria esposa e a ocultado na parte traseira do carro—cometeu pequena infração de trânsito e foi parado por um policial. Por tentar suborná-lo, automaticamente recebeu voz de prisão. Por sinal, essa cena desencadeia toda a trama. Fundamental lembrar que o roteirista baseou-se em fatos reais.

Eis a diferença! O policial poderia ter aceitado a quantia oferecida e ficaria tudo por isso mesmo. Mas a ética “Mickey Mouse” norte-americana—fazendo alusão ao honesto ratinho criado por Walter Disney—não funciona assim. Não por acaso os americanos constituem um povo que acredita nas instituições. Eles têm fé nos governantes, na polícia, acreditam na justiça,  honram sua bandeira, admiram seus soldados, cantam com fervor o hino do seu país e— principalmente— confiam uns nos outros.

Isso gera, por exemplo, incrível facilidade no fechamento de negócios, nos empreendimentos, no julgamento de processos. Com uma simples driver’s .license, faz-se nos EUA o que no Brasil não se consegue sem uma infinidade de comprovantes, documentos, protocolos e incontáveis idas a cartório.

Coincidência? Eles são ricos. Nós somos pobres. Eles se beneficiam das facilidades. Nós nos enterramos na burocracia que—num círculo vicioso— é gerada pela corrupção e a alimenta. Nós achamos que levamos vantagem em tudo e os chamamos de “gringos” otários. Contudo, basta relegarem-nos o papel de “zé-mané” para nos indignarmos. O ethos “Vila Rica” arraiga-se de tal forma em nosso cotidiano que vemos corrupção somente nos outros. Imputamos nosso atraso ao vizinho, deixando de olhar nossos próprios rabos.

André Paschoal é médico e escritor.
André Paschoal é médico e escritor.

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